What is Facelift?
Facelift, which was developed to eliminate the sagging of the face due to aging, excessive sun exposure and similar reasons, has recently become more and more preferred by women. Facelift is a procedure that makes the face look much younger and firmer. During the procedure, the soft tissues on the face are lifted, excess skin is removed and the skin is placed over the contours and repositioned.
What Are the Different Types of Facelift?
The facelift procedure has different variations in itself. The most appropriate choice among these is determined by the specialist surgeon according to the patient’s face anatomy, skin tightness level and the patient’s wishes. Each procedure is patient-specific. Below are the different facelift techniques and their explanations.
1. Skin Only Facelift
Facelift has been applied in different ways since the beginning of 1900s. This method is also known as cutaneous face lift and requires less incision than other techniques. It is a skin-only procedure and the level of tightening is slightly thinner than the new methods. However, it has the advantages of low risk and rapid recovery.
2. Traditional Facelift (SMAS)
Although SMAS, which is accepted as a traditional method, is more complex than other techniques, it has a long-lasting effect. This technique is based on the manipulation of muscles just below the skin, known as the superficial muscle-aponeurotic system. The muscle group referred to herein is directly related to the formation of facial expression.
For the application of the technique, an incision is made starting from the hairline to the earlobe. After the skin is removed, the underlying muscles and tissues are tightened. This allows them to adopt their new positions.
3. Deep Plane Lift
It can be said that it is a technique that goes one step further than the traditional method. It is a method developed for people with severe wrinkles and sagging and is usually applied to older patients. In addition to the adjustment of the SMAS layer, the muscles that are deeper are also adjusted. Although it is much more effective than the traditional method, the surgeon who will perform this procedure should have a very good level of expertise. Otherwise, there is a possibility of damage to the nerves in the face.
4. Mini Facelift
This method involves a partial face lift. It is a more invasive method and its cost is low. However, it should be known that their effects are limited.
Stages of Facelift Surgery
The steps followed in the facelift procedure are as follows.
With general anesthesia, it is ensured that the patient does not feel pain during the procedure.
In the second stage of the procedure, incisions will be made by your surgeon to the hairline on both sides of your head. Depending on the procedure, the incisions may extend up to the anterior part of the ear, the bottom of the earlobe and the rear part of the ear. In addition, if the operation is to be performed on the jaw line, incision will be performed here, as well.
The skin is pulled backwards and upwards to remove excess skin.
4. Suturing the Skin
The skin repositioned to its new position is sutured.
Bandage is applied to the face to reduce swelling and bruising to the lowest level.
What Should Be Considered in Facelift Surgery?
There are some tasks that should be done by the patient for the facelift to be successful. Some of them can be listed as:
- You must stop smoking at least 2 weeks before the operation. This will make it easier for the operation to achieve success and long-lasting results.
- Your doctor will give you some advice before surgery. You must follow all of these.
- You can bring a headscarf and wide sunglasses to the clinic to hide bruises and swelling that may occur after surgery.
- Ask your doctor how long you will avoid eating and drinking before the surgery and act accordingly.
- Find someone to accompany you after surgery.
- Obtain 2-3 weeks leave off from work as you will need to rest and expect bruises and swellings to pass after 2-3 weeks of surgery.
- Do not bring your valuable belongings and jewelry when you come to the clinic.
- Remove your false nails and nail polishes and come to the clinic as there is a possibility of a pulse monitor on your finger during surgery.
Swelling and bruising will occur on your face after surgery. They usually recover within 2-3 weeks. Never forget, however, that patients’ recovery times vary.
Sutures can be removed within 5-7 days, while a significant percentage of the patients may return to work at the end of two weeks. As time passes, bruising and swelling will decrease. The recovery after the facelift procedure is slower than other operations. At this point, there is no need to worry.
What Should I Expect from Facelift Surgery?
People suffering from sagging and wrinkles on their face may experience psychological traumas due to this condition. Looking older than they really are also affects people’s self-confidence negatively. Facelift procedure may be preferred to eliminate these conditions. Before this procedure, you should discuss your questions with your doctor and provide the exact information requested by the doctor. This not only determines whether you comply with this procedure, but also makes your expectations more realistic.
The operation is performed under general anesthesia and you may feel tired and sleepy after the operation. After a while, you will feel pain after anesthesia loses its effect. Thanks to the painkillers prescribed by your doctor, you can overcome this process without any problems.
After the procedure, you will feel numbness on some areas of your face. This is extremely normal. This situation will diminish and disappear. Some patients may need several weeks and others may require several months to completely disappear. Most of the bruises on the face will pass within 2 weeks. Note that you should wait for at least 6-9 months to get the final results.
Frequently Asked Questions About Eyelid
When do I get the best results?
The most natural look of your face will occur from the sixth month on. Some patients’ full recovery occurs at the end of the ninth month.
In which areas are the incisions made in Facelift operation?
Incisions are made in a way that they won’t be visible in the healing period. The incisions, which extend to the anterior part of the ear, the bottom of the earlobe and the back of the ear, can be easily concealed with the hair once it has healed.
Is Facelift a painful procedure?
The operation is performed under general anesthesia and there is no pain. After the effect of anesthesia has passed, incisions will cause you to experience some pain. These mild and moderate pain can be relieved by painkillers given by your doctor.
How long should I stop smoking?
Quitting smoking is extremely important for the permanence of your new skin. But if you can’t give up completely, you should avoid smoking 2 months before and 2 months after surgery.
Is the facelift process permanent?
There are many different factors that affect the permanence of the results in the facelift procedure. If you follow the advice given by your doctor, eat healthy, and stay away from alcohol and cigarettes, the process can last for 15 years or more. Remember that you need to avoid smoking first for permanence.
When can I return to my daily routine?
A significant number of patients may return to work and normal daily life at the end of 2-3 weeks. However, at least 3 weeks should be waited for exercise and heavy work, which causes increased blood pressure. At this point, you should act in accordance with your doctor’s advice.
Do I need someone at home to help me after the Facelift operation?
It is important to have a friend or family member at home to help you during the first days after you leave the hospital.
When can I start exercising?
You can start light exercises such as walking at the end of 3 weeks. But you should wait for at least 4-6 weeks for strenuous exercises.
Can I sunbathe on holiday?
Exposing your body to direct sunlight in the first months or sunbathing for a while may trigger different complications. So, you should follow the advice of your doctor.
You can examine the successful results closely by comparing the pre- and post-photographs of our patients with Facelift surgery in our clinic. These results will help you in your decision-making process.