What is Liposuction?
Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery that shapes different parts of the body such as abdominal, hip, thigh, face and neck by removing fat in these areas. In this process cannulae known as hollow tubes and aspirator which is a suction device is used. This makes it possible to remove the fat. Liposuction is not an alternative to exercise and diet, although patients get rid of their fat. The purpose of this method is to remove fat that cannot be eliminated by conventional weight loss methods.
What Are the Different Types of Liposuction?
There are 4 different types of liposuction which has been preferred in recent years. These types and their explanations are given below.
1. Tumescent Liposuction (Fluid Injection)
It is the most widely used liposuction technique. In this technique, a solution containing epinephrine, saline and lidokine is injected into the area where the fats will be removed by your doctor. This solution not only makes the absorption of fats easier, but also significantly reduces blood loss and pain.
2. Laser Assisted Liposuction
This technique uses a special laser to liquefy the fat cells by your doctor. The thin laser fiber, which is placed in small areas, emits low energy waves and thus makes the fat cells liquid without damaging the tissues. Then, with the help of cannula and aspirator, these fats are taken out.
3. Water Jet Assisted Liposuction
The basis of this method is pressurized saline. The saline water helps to loosen the fat cells and so these fats are removed from the body much more easily.
4. Ultrasound Assisted Liposuction
This technique, also known as UAL Liposuction, uses ultrasonic sound waves to break down fats and liquefy them. It becomes easier to remove these fats which have become liquid.
Steps of Liposuction Procedure
Local anesthesia is generally preferred for liposuction. However, general anesthesia may be applied by the doctor in cases where a large amount of fat is taken from more than one site.
After anesthesia starts showing its effect, we proceed to the incision stage. At this step, incisions of 6-8 mm in size are created at predetermined areas.
3. Inserting the Cannulae
After the incision step, the cannulas are placed. Then, cannulae which is also known as thin hollow tubes are inserted into the incisions. The cannulae will allow the liquefied fat to be taken out with suction pressure.
4. Assisted Techniques
The different techniques mentioned above are applied when deemed necessary by your doctor. Laser, water jet and ultrasound assisted techniques increase the success of liposuction. The aim of these techniques is to relax and fluidize the fat cells. The intravenous fluid given before and after the procedure prevents blood and fluid losses.
5. Closing the Incisions
After removal of the fat by liposuction, the incisions are closed. Suture is used in this process. Discharge of excess liquids is carried out by means of tubes placed in the areas where fat is removed. Draining fluids also reduces the risk of infection. The sutures and drainage tubes are removed after 7-10 days.
Who Is Not Eligible for Liposuction?
Although liposuction is an extremely popular cosmetic procedure, it is not feasible to perform it in some individuals. These can be listed as follows:
- People with cardiovascular diseases
- People with chronic illness
- Pregnant or likely to become pregnant
- Older people
- People with circulatory system disease
- Those with skin sagging (Liposuction doesn’t have positive effect on these people, thus skin stretching surgery should be done)
What Should Be Considered in Liposuction?
There are a number of things you need to pay attention to before and during the procedure in order for the liposuction process to be successful. You should first discuss this with your doctor. Here you have to ask some questions. This will enable you to make your expectations realistic. Your doctor will determine whether you are suitable for this procedure after taking into account your skin type, medications, allergies and medical history. Other things to consider at this point are:
- Stop smoking at least 2 months before the procedure.
- Do not eating and drinking 12 hours before the procedure.
- Stop taking NSAIDs with aspirin and similar blood thinners at the time your doctor denotes. This will reduce the risk of bleeding during the procedure.
- Note that the process will take 2-3 hours.
- Come with plenty of comfortable clothes before the procedure.
- Do not bring your jewelry and valuables on the way to the clinic.
Immediately after the procedure, you will need to wear the liposuction compression suit. The use of this garment for at least 1 month is extremely important to reduce swelling and maintain the shape of the body. At this point, antibiotics and medications may be prescribed to minimize other side effects.
It is normal to see bruising and swelling after the procedure. While bruising usually disappears after a few days, full swelling can take up to 6 months. In addition, temporary loss of sensation may occur in the treated area, which lasts for several weeks. Accelerated blood circulation through light exercise will positively affect the healing process.
What Should I Expect from Liposuction?
It is normal to see swelling and bruising after the liposuction procedure, so don’t worry about it. Final results will not be seen immediately after the procedure. You usually have to wait for 1-6 months for this.
You can get rid of the fats in certain areas. However, if you do not pay attention to your nutrition and exercises after the procedure, these areas will be get fatty again. Therefore, liposuction should not be seen as a weight loss method and nutrition and exercise should be given importance.
Frequently Asked Questions About Rhinoplasty
Does the fat come back after liposuction?
With liposuction, the fats are permanently removed. But from this point on, whether the fats in these areas will form up again depends on your diet and lifestyle. If you eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly, the fat will not be able to come back.
How long does the healing process take?
You can return to work only after 3-7 days of rest. You need to wait for 2 weeks to turn back to your daily routines, a few weeks for bruises to pass, and 6 months for full results.
Does liposuction help you lose weight?
Liposuction involves the removal of fat from certain areas, but its effect on weight loss is limited. The purpose of this process is not to lose weight, but to reshape and tighten the body.
When can I return to my normal life?
4-6 weeks after the procedure is required to heal completely and then, you can return to normal life.
Will there be any scars after the procedure?
In the liposuction, the incisions are opened in a very small size. Consequently, there is no scarring after the incisions have healed.
Does it Reduce Cellulite?
With this application, it is possible for the body to look more aesthetically pleasing, but its effect on cellulites is limited and it usually does not remove cellulites. Therefore, this procedure should not be preferred to remove cellulites only.
In which areas is liposuction more effective?
Liposuction can be applied in any area where there is excess fat and which will not cause the general shape of the body to deteriorate.
How much fat can be removed?
The amount of fat to be removed varies depending on the health status of the people. However, the maximum amount of fat to be taken is as follows; 2-3 liters from the abdomen, 3 liters from the waist and 4 liters from the hip.
Is there pain after the procedure?
You may have mild or moderate pain after the procedure and you can come over this period comfortably with painkillers given by your doctor.
When can I take a bath? (You must remove the corset)
You can take a bath 2 days after the liposuction procedure. Afterwards, you can take a bath at any time. But don’t forget to take your corset off before the bath and re-wear it after getting dry.
You can examine the successful results closely by comparing the pre- and post-photographs of our patients with liposuction in our clinic. These results will help you in your decision-making process.