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Breast augmentation surgery, which is a type of cosmetic surgery, has recently become a procedure frequently preferred by women. As the name suggests, it is a surgical procedure that allows breasts to grow as much as desired (in proportion to the body). Research studies show that breast augmentation is one of the most popular aesthetic operations for women. However, there are also several drawbacks about breast augmentation. The question whether breast augmentation surgery can cause lupus is one of these drawbacks.

Is breast augmentation a risky procedure? Is it possible for the operation to cause lupus? What do the research studies say?


How is Breast Augmentation Surgery Performed?

Breast augmentation procedure developed for those who think that their breasts are not big enough or whose breasts have reduced in size after a different procedure has recently become a frequently performed surgery type. Different types of implants are generally used for this procedure. These implants, consisting of sterile saline and silicone, produce extremely positive results.

There are soft, smooth and textured implant options. While the textured ones remain more comfortable in their position, the smooth ones provide a more natural feeling. Therefore, people can choose whichever they want according to their needs. Thus, their breasts can be brought to the desired size.


Are Breast Implants Safe?

The procedure for the implantation of breast implants is a surgical operation. Consequently, as in any surgical procedure, breast augmentation procedure may involve certain risks. These are rarely seen risks. By choosing specialist clinics, these risks can be minimized.

Another risk is that the desired result from the procedure may not be achieved completely. As a result of this, a new surgery may be needed. Possible risks and side effects of the breast augmentation procedure can be listed as follows:

  • Bleeding
  • Hematoma
  • Pain
  • Capsular contracture
  • Seroma (fluid accumulation)
  • Improper positioning of the implant
  • Slippage or rotation of the implant after surgery
  • Partial loss of sensation in nipples or different parts of the breast
  • Scarring issues
  • Implant burst or leakage
  • Wrinkling and creasing of the skin around the implant

The side effects, risks and complications mentioned so far are not likely to occur. It is a fact that there are such risks, but they apply to every type of surgery. With the techniques used today and the successful procedures by surgeons, possible side effects and complications are rarely seen. In rare cases they are observed, the problem can be completely eliminated with the intervention made.

Can Breast Implants Cause Lupus?


What Should Be Done Against These Risks?

In order to reduce the risks and complications of breast augmentation surgery, a specialist surgeon should be preferred. In a procedure performed by a successful surgeon, such risks do not generally occur. Even if it is assumed that the risk is likely to occur, the surgeon’s interventions will eliminate the problem. In addition, the clinic to be preferred for the procedure in question must be similarly successful and the medical infrastructure should be sufficient.


Can Breast Implants Cause Lupus?

Although breast augmentation procedure is highly preferred by women, it is a fact that there are some question marks in their minds. This situation has not recently emerged, and similar questions have always existed. Thereupon, some researches have been conducted in different periods regarding the implants used for breast augmentation.

Particularly in the 1990s, due to intensive use, researches were carried out extensively. One of these studies, which was performed by VeryWell Health in 1996, had a profound effect on breast augmentation surgery.


Previous Research

As a result of the research conducted by VeryWell Health in 1996, women using silicone breast implants were found to be at higher risk of connective tissue disease. This result completely changed the way people looked at the implants and made them negative. Due to the high risk, some medical experts have reported that women using implants have an increased risk of developing lupus, an autoimmune disease.

After it was understood that silicone breast implants increased the risks of connective tissue diseases and consequently increased the risk of experiencing different health problems, silicone breast implants were banned by FDA to eliminate such and similar concerns. Thus, the risk of many diseases was prevented.

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Current Research

The accuracy of the research conducted in 1996 was not questioned for 10 years and it was accepted that the research was correct. However, when the results of the later studies contradicted with the results of the researches in 1996, the research started to be questioned. In the studies conducted afterwards, the research was found to be incorrect. Ultimately, in 2006, silicone implants were allowed again.

Implants have been used from this date to the present and no significant evidence has been found to cause lupus cases.



Considering all the information given so far, it can be said that there is no evidence that the procedure causes lupus. In addition, recent research studies say that breast augmentation surgery causes no risk of lupus. Given that the procedure has been performed for a long time and the condition of the people being treated, it can be said that the implants do not carry such a risk.

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