Rhinoplasty, otherwise known as Nasal Aesthetics Surgery, has been developed to meet the expectations of those who are uncomfortable with their noses due to various reasons. This application may also be done to enable people breathe qualitatively. So, when was Rhinoplasty first applied? In the following, you will find crucial information about the history of Rhinoplasty.
Rhinoplasty procedure has been applied for a long time and it is getting even better every day. This procedure, being one of the most important functions of aesthetic surgery, is widely thought to have been developed recently. However, this is not the case. The procedure has been applied for different reasons for many years and it has been developed over time to have its present form.
The Development of Rhinoplasty Procedure
It is assumed that Rhinoplasty procedure has been first applied in the 6th century B.C. In this period, forehead flap method was developed by the famous Indian doctor of the time, Sushruta, and the aim with this method was to reconstruct the noses. The main reason of the development of the method was to reconstruct noses for those who have lost their noses in battles and duels. As this was the case in the East, there was no significant development about Rhinoplasty in the West until the 16th century. In this period, the negative effects of the syphilis endemic on people’s nasal structures and the damages it left caused similar developments in Europe as well.
The famous Italian surgeon Gaspare Tagliacozzi developed a Rhinoplasty technique by using the upper arm skin. The so called “Italian Method” did not last long and lost its popularity as it caused nose to bruise and fall in cold weather.
In the 19th century, the first modern nasal aesthetics surgery was done. American otorhinolaryngologist John Orlando Roe developed the method which is accepted as the first modern Rhinoplasty in 1887. With the so called “Roe technique”, the scars were hidden. Thus, a better result was achieved in terms of aesthetics. At the same period in Berlin, a similar method was used to make the Jews’ noses smaller by a German-Jewish surgeon Jacques Joseph.
The methods used have been further developed over time. Especially, after the First World War, there were rapid developments in facial aesthetics to remove the traces of war on the veterans.
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Nowadays, Rhinoplasty procedure has become a routine process. So much so that, there are many people around who had it. The benefits of Rhinoplasty surgery are many. Depending on the expectations of people, different processes such as reduction, lifting, enlarging, reconstructing of the nose is done with this method. Issues about breathing are also eliminated thanks to this method. In this way, people’s quality of life increases significantly.
Rhinoplasty procedure is the third most famous aesthetic process in the US. When the statistical data are examined, on average 213,000 surgeries are carried out per year. Similar examination shows lower figures for the U.K. However, it is clearly seen that the figures are also in upward trend.
Why Did the Rhinoplasty Procedure Emerge?
We have already stated that the first emergence of Rhinoplasty procedure was because of the wars and similar situations. It can be said that it emerged to reconstruct the noses of those who have been injured. Over time, this has changed and it started to be done because of different concerns. Especially, in the late 19th century and beginning of the 20th century, it has been applied to correct the so called “Jew Nose”. In the later periods, the reason of its use was less political.
It wouldn’t be wrong to say that the aesthetic concerns have become more prominent lately. But, it should not be forgotten here that people’s expectations differ significantly. Especially, depending on where and in which society the person lives, the expectations from the Rhinoplasty procedure vary. For instance; there are serious differences between the noses desired by an Iranian and American.
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Rhinoplasty and the Ideal Nose
The definition of the ideal nose has changed continuously depending on the development of aesthetic surgery. But, in general, it can be said that small and curved nose has been preferred more since the late 19th century.
Their culture and the society in which they live have been highly influential in people’s choices of the ideal nose. However, after the nasal aesthetic surgeries of the celebrities, people’s views on this have changed and different style noses have started to be demanded.
Jewish comedian Fanny Brice had nasal aesthetics in 1923. Famous star Marilyn Monroe was one of the stars who had the surgery. Even though she does not confess, the change in her nose was clearly seen. Michael Jackson was another celebrity who had the Rhinoplasty surgery. It is known that hyaline cartilage was also added in the surgeries applied to the king of the pop world. Apart from these, many other celebrities had this surgery. Some of them had nose reduction and some of them preferred lifting. Therefore, their preferences differed according to their facial structures.
The details of the historical development of Rhinoplasty procedure and why it emerged are as such in general terms. It can be stated that the procedure is in constant development and it is more capable of meeting the expectations of people at this point.