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Gynecomastia is excessive growth of male breasts due to different reasons. This growth is not the one that occurs due to fat accumulation. With fat accumulation, breast tissue may also get bigger and the reason behind may be different diseases. We gathered detailed information about the diseases that may cause gynecomastia and the treatment that will make you overcome this problem.


Diseases That May Cause Gynecomastia and Related Details

Gynecomastia is a problem that turns men’s lives into nightmares. The fundamental reason behind gynecomastia is excessive estrogen level in men. Accordingly, there are some diseases that my cause imbalance in estrogen level. These diseases and some explanation for them are below:

Gynecomastia Procedure

1. Hepatic Tumor

Liver has great importance in adjusting hormone level. A tumorigenesis in liver may cause hormonal imbalance. Consequently, gynecomastia may develop.

2. Kidney Failure

Producing urine is not the only responsibility of kidneys. Although kidneys’ main function is that, they have some other responsibilities like balancing hormone level in blood. Additionally, kidneys help vitamin D synthesis and balance calcium and phosphorus levels. All these functions have great importance for a healthy body.

In case of kidney failure, these mentioned functions cannot be carried out. As a result, gynecomastia may develop. Kidney failure is among the diseases that may cause gynecomastia.

3. Mumps

There may be different reasons behind decreased androgenic hormone. Mumps is one of the reasons. As androgenic hormone level decreases, estrogen concentration will increase in blood. This situation may make mammary glands known as “glandular structure” get larger. Thus, a person my develop gynecomastia.

4. Cirrhosis

Gynecomastia may be seen in one breast or sometimes in two breasts. One of the reasons behind one-sided gynecomastia is cirrhosis. Caused by alcohol, cirrhosis results is liver dysfunction. Accordingly, estrogen catabolism may be less than required and gynecomastia may develop. In such cases, an individual generally feels a hard, button-shaped tissue on his nipple.

5. Hyperthyroid

When thyroid glands work more than normal, a situation called thyrotoxicosis may occur. This situation is a sign showing that hyperthyroid diseases that hasn’t been treated for a while has started to harm an individual’s body.

This situation may cause imbalance in hormone level. While women experience deviations in their menstrual cycles, men experience an increase in their estradiol levels. An increase in estradiol level may trigger gynecomastia. Hyperthyroid is also one of the diseases that may cause gynecomastia.

6. Hemodialysis

A method called as hemodialysis is used to treat people with kidney failure. In this method, the aim is to take accumulated waste out of body. Estrogen level may increase in patients who undergo this treatment. Accordingly, gynecomastia may develop.

7. HIV Infection

AIDS or HIV infection affects immune system. These don’t directly affect hormone levels of patients. Nevertheless, some medicines used during treatment phase may affect hormone levels. As a result, men may develop gynecomastia. Therefore, HIC infection is considered as one of the diseases that may cause gynecomastia.

8. Idiopathic Gynecomastia

Although gynecomastia may develop due to a disease, it may also develop without a disease. Lifestyle, nutrition habits, genetic factors and similar factors may also be effective at this point. Such situations are called as idiopathic gynecomastia.

Read Also: Differences Between Gynecomastia and Chest Fat


How Is Gynecomastia Surgery Performed?

Exercising is not enough to get rid of gynecomastia on its own. The most effective treatment for this problem is surgery. With gynecomastia surgery, excessive breast tissue is removed and breast is reshaped. The surgery consists of the following stages:

Diseases That May Cause Gynecomastia

  • Consultation

When you decide on undergoing gynecomastia surgery, you need to have a consultation session with your doctor. During this session, it will be decided if you are a suitable candidate or not. Additionally, you are informed about the surgery itself and post-surgery period. At this stage, you can also ask your questions.

  • Anesthesia

The surgery is performed under general anesthesia.

  • Incisions

In accordance with the planning made before surgery, incisions are opened in respective areas. If liposuction method will be used during surgery, incisions opened for liposuction will be around 5-6mm long. Incisions that will be opened in areola will be comparatively longer. Necessary care is taken so that there will be no visible scar after the surgery.

  • Surgical Procedure Method

If liposuction will be used during the surgery, thin tubes called as cannulas are placed into those opened incisions. Fat is sucked out through cannulas and procedure is completed. However, when liposuction is not sufficient, fat tissue is removed through incisions. Depending on the conditions, areola may be re-positioned.

  • Closing Incisions

Finally, incisions are closed and the procedure is completed. In order to prevent fluid accumulation in the respective area, drainage is used. This way, accumulated fluid is removed regularly and infection risk is decreased. This procedure also affects recovery phase.

Read Also: Can Gynecomastia Recur After Surgery?



Diseases that may cause gynecomastia may decrease life quality of men significantly. When gynecomastia develops, men even may experience loss of self-confidence. In order to prevent such problems, surgical operation should be performed. Cosmeticium Clinic meets your expectations and requirements in this topic, with its expert surgeons. With briefing before the surgery and close follow-up after the surgery, it is ensured that you overcome gynecomastia as soon as possible. In order to get detailed information about this topic and benefit from free online consultation, contact us.


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