Hair loss is a condition that occurs for different reasons and can rear its ugly head in different ways. This situation, which can sometimes be seen as totally stress-related, can sometimes be experienced for a very different reason. In addition, hair loss is not only seen in men, but also in women, and this causes these reasons to increase. When all these are evaluated, it will be highly effective for the person to know what type of hair loss he/she has. How many different types of hair loss are there? We have listed the most common types of hair loss and their reasons for you.
1. Androgenic Alopecia
This type of hair loss, also known as male pattern baldness, is often passed on to humans as a genetic heritage. This type of hair loss, which can pass not only from the father but also from the mother, is seen as the hairline going backwards. Androgenic alopecia, a condition that only increases over the top of the scalp over time, does not affect the hair on the sides. If the hair on the sides is also lost, a different type of hair loss should be mentioned here.
The genetic factors underlying this type of hair loss show their faces on hormones. The dihydrotestosterone hormone, known as DHT, is directly related to hair growth and development. Increased DHT during puberty allows the development of hair and then the level of this hormone decreases. As men age, the amount of free testosterone in their blood increases. To prevent this increase, the hormone is converted to the DHT hormone. DHT, on the other hand, affects the scalp and destroys the structure of the follicles. As a result, hair loss occurs.
Besides the hairline going backwards, androgenic alopecia may also appear as thinning of hair strands and their loss over time. The aforementioned process can even start from the top of the head and can be seen in women too. Experts state that the distinctive point here is the absence of hair loss on the sides.
2. Alopecia Areata
Alopecia areata, another type of hair loss based on genetic factors, is also known as spot baldness. It is stated that immune system disorders are amongst the causes of this type of hair loss. Alopecia areata due to an autoimmune disease appears as patches of baldness. The baldness, which initially appears as spots in different parts of the head, then grows and becomes a condition referred to as patchy baldness. This type of hair loss covers the entire head and it can also cause hair loss in different parts of the body.
In this type of hair loss, the body sees its hair follicles as an enemy and prevents them from feeding completely. Thus, it causes hair loss. If the condition in the immune system does not persist and is treated, the hair grows spontaneously. If the condition persists, it is not possible to prevent hair loss. Such patients should search for solutions such as wigs and similar ones.
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3. Telogen Effluvium
In this type of hair loss, besides hair loss, thinning of hair strands may also be in question. Therefore, it is characterized as hair loss and thinning of hair. Compared to men, this type of hair loss is more common in women and the main cause of the problem is; pregnancy, childbirth, birth control pills, shock diets and psychological stress. The hair loss here is not only visible in one part of the hair but also in the whole.
There are different types of such hair loss in itself and it is possible to treat these types in different ways according to their characteristics. But it should be remembered that help from an expert is needed.
4. Anagen Effluvium
It is the type of hair loss seen in case of excessive radiation or chemical exposure. This is usually the case during cancer treatment. Chemotherapy to destroy cancer cells destroys not only harmful cells but also useful cells. This causes hair loss. In radiotherapy, another cancer treatment, the procedure applied to patients can cause permanent hair loss. Even if hair growth occurs after chemotherapy, this is usually not possible in radiotherapy.
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5. Hair Loss Due to Anaemia
Blood has an important role in the nutrition of hair. Iron is one of the basic substances of blood and iron deficiency to a certain level is defined as anaemia. This situation affects the different parts of the body negatively and may also negatively affect the hair. Hair loss due to anaemia can occur in both men and women. However, the incidence of women is slightly higher.
In order to prevent this type of hair loss, anaemia should be treated, and the blood iron level should be increased. Medicines can be used for this or molasses and blood-forming foods with similar properties can be consumed. This will stop hair loss.
6. Hair Loss Due to Infection
Infections affect different parts of the body negatively according to the areas where they are seen. However, it can be said that one of these effects is usually on the skin. Wound or acne type formations can be seen on the skin. Failure to treat them quickly may appear as hair loss after a while. It is a known fact that infection and decay seen in teeth cause hair loss. Therefore, these gingival problems should be treated without wasting time.
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Mistakes Made in Hair Loss
People experience hair loss every day and it is normal to a certain number of hair strands. Loss of an average of more than 100 strands per day is not normal and requires treatment. In such cases, people start using different hair care products without knowing which type of hair loss they have. These are not solutions to hair loss and may affect the process a little more negatively. Therefore, first of all, the cause of hair loss should be determined and then the treatment process should be carried out.
If you are having hair loss problem, you can try PRP method before losing your hair completely. The PRP method is the most advanced technique to solve the problem of hair loss. It is based on the separation of platelets in the blood and obtaining a rich blood cell and on the injection of this blood cell into the diluting areas of the scalp. It is the most effective treatment for those who have intense hair loss problems.