Hair transplantation is a method applied by most men and women who are faced with baldness problems. In recent years, thanks to new technologies and devices developed in this field, successful results can be achieved in hair transplantation operations. Experts emphasize that the most important issue to be considered in this matter is that the center where you will have hair transplantation should have the necessary certificates and the employees should be expert and experienced. It is necessary to keep away from the clinics and health centers, which do not have a qualified physician and are inadequate in hygiene and necessary precautions.
The operations carried out by specialist and experienced physicians in a health center meeting the necessary conditions will be much more successful. However, there may be some risks and complications of hair transplantation.
In this article, you will find some information about the risks and complications that may occur during and after the hair transplantation operations, their causes and solutions.
1. Loss of Sense (Catalepsy)
As is known, a basic method is applied in hair transplantation operations. Hair follicles and grafts collected from a region of your head where hair is not lost yet are taken in a special process and re-planted on the balding or densely shedding area. The transplantation process is in the form of opening the channels and placing the follicles. However, there may be loss of sense on the area (usually at the back of the head) where the hair follicles are collected.
This loss of sense is more probable in the FUT method which is the oldest and now seldomly preferred method of hair transplantation. Because in FUT method, a rectangular piece of skin is cut from the area where the hair follicles and grafts are collected. Although not preferred very much nowadays, FUT method is chosen in some special circumstances. FUE and DHI methods, which are the newly developed, have a very low risk of sense loss as the skin piece is not cut. In short, the loss of sense on the area where the hair follicles are taken is no longer a common problem.
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2. Bleeding During and After Hair Transplantation
If you have hair transplantation in a center under the supervision of specialist doctors, you will get information about this issue before the operation. Before the hair transplantation operation -especially one week before- you should not take certain medications. These include blood thinners and retardants. In fact, no medication is recommended in the week before the operation. But you should not take medications that are especially blood thinners and retardant. These drugs may cause bleeding during and after hair transplantation. In addition, bleeding may take longer if you take more. This risk is more related to the intake of these drugs. With the development of the FUE method, this risk has considerably decreased and is already very low if the drugs are not taken.
3. Risk of Infection After the Operation
There is a small risk of infection due to the operations during hair transplantation. To reduce this risk, there are some issues that you should be aware of. As the doctors always warn, you should absolutely choose an experienced and reliable clinical or health center that has medical certificates if you want to have hair transplantation operation. It is very important that the center is sterile and it works in compliance with hygienic conditions. Even the slightest lack of hygiene can cause serious problems. Therefore, the most important factor to be taken care of is that the clinic you choose is clean, hygienic and hosts specialist doctors.
4. Looking Like a Grass Head
One of the issues that many people that have hair transplantations are most afraid of is the appearance of a grass head that may cause from the hair follicles’ being transplanted at the wrong angle. The reason for this is the incorrect placement way of the channels that are opened and follicles. If your newly planted hair is not compatible with the natural growth angle of your existing hair, it will not look natural in any way. In general, the best measure to be taken for this risk, which is called the grass head view, is that you should have a hair transplantation operation in a certified and experienced clinic.
Doctors and health officers with sufficient experience can easily overcome this problem. They take care of the angle when placing the hair and the transplantation is completed professionally. In this case, the risk called “grass head view” is eliminated.
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5. Damaging the Hair Follicles
One of the most common complaints heard by those who want to have hair transplantation is the damage of existing hair follicles and the problem of more hair loss after the operation. Again, the wrong practices during the transplantation process are the main reason for this. Errors done while collecting or transplanting the hair follicles may cause damage to the hair follicles, resulting in ache and pain or even hair shedding. To reduce this risk, you must also be careful in choosing the health center. Professionalism and experience should be at the top of the features you need to look for. The more experienced your doctor is, the better he can avoid the risks that may come out.
6. Itching After the Operation
The risk of itching is one of the least encountered problems. However, if you heavily experience this problem after the hair transplantation, you should see a specialist doctor. This is because the hygienic rules are not obeyed in the hair transplantation center or the people who will perform the operation are not experienced and professional enough. For example, a dermatalog should take part during the operation in the health center. He/she should also take the necessary precautions when you have any skin problems. That’s why the precaution that you should take is obvious: the clinic you choose should be fully equipped.
7. Edema Formation after Hair Transplantation
One of the least encountered problems after hair transplantation is the edema that may be encountered especially at the forehead. You can get information about this issue in an adequate and reliable health center after the operation. After the operation, the patients should lay paying attention that their heads are high at a 45 degree angle from the bed. You can use pillows or something else for this. Extremely salty eating is known to cause edema in the body, as well. That is why, in fact, little salty or a salt-free diet should be preferred just as a healthy diet should always be. Cold presses can reduce edema, especially on the days after the operation.
Things to Consider Before the Operation
The above mentioned risks and complications are not very common problems. In fact, most of them are the problems encountered after the operations done in the health centers lacking hygiene conditions, necessary doctors or experts and inadequately equipped. In addition, risks may be encountered when there is not sufficient information about health and precautions to be taken.
Before the operation, you should ask your doctor all the questions and get the necessary information. You should get an answer for the questions in your mind. Avoid operations at the centers that don’t give sufficient information. In addition, you should immediately learn and apply what you need to know after the operation. Many of these risks may be problems encountered in the health centers and may also be due to the issues that should be paid attention. All health measures must be taken.
Hair transplantation center should work with a dermatologist. In addition, a blood test should be performed before the operation and the doctors should get the necessary information about you. Hair transplantation is risky at the centers where these procedures are not done. It is important how much you are interested in and how much response you can get to your questions. When necessary conditions are met and necessary precautions are taken, hair transplantation is not a risky operation.